Before we proceed with the list of the advantages of nuclear energy, Let us know more about nuclear energy and how it is produced.
What is nuclear energy?
It is known that energy cannot be created nor it cannot also be destroyed although, it can be converted to another form. It all began with an atom – an atom is filled with tiny nuclear in its center and the nucleus is composed of two particles; these are the protons – has the positive charge, and the neutron – electrically neutral and has slightly more mass than that of a proton. The energy released from the nucleus of an atom is ‘nuclear energy’.
How is it produced?
When uranium, the heaviest element, is bombarded with neutrons, it was discovered that instead of inducing radioactivity, an amazing thing happened. It is now known to be ‘fission’. When this nuclear reaction occurs, a large amount of energy is produced.
Advantages of nuclear energy
- Nuclear energy is more reliable than other source of electricity such as solar and wind which require sun and wind to produce it. Unlike these sources, nuclear energy can be produced in nuclear power plants even during the case of a bad weather.
- By far, nuclear energy has lowest impact on the environment since it does not release gases like carbon dioxide and methane which causes greenhouse effect. Therefore, nuclear energy has lower greenhouse gas emissions.
- Uranium, which is used as a fuel in generating electricity costs quite low. Electricity becomes cheap because the running cost of nuclear power plants is low.
- It also requires a small amount of uranium. If uranium costs low, it will also result to low fuel cost.
- Nuclear power plants are safe than other source of electricity. We frequently hear reports of explosions in gas plants, accidents at oil refineries and even breaking of dams, while nuclear plants has fewer reports of accidents than fossil fuel.
- Given is the accident from Russia – Chernobyl incident, but as technology advances, modern reactor are designed to eliminate this kind of risk.
- Moreover, Nuclear power plants, compared to other power plants, require only a small sum of space. The surrounding of the nuclear power plants, also known as the ‘wetlands’ can become new habitats of animals. This, therefore, can protect our world’s wildlife and habitat.
Without a doubt, nuclear energy has made its way towards technology and it will be providing us with more undiscovered benefits. Nuclear energy can help improve the world of tomorrow. It can bring us hope to a brighter, harmonious future.